The residence card (Card for short) is a document that has undergone a great transformation in recent decades. For this reason, Welcome Association Italy, which has always been involved in assisting foreign nationals, has decided to take a closer look at this issue. Until Legislative Decree 30/2007 came into force, the Card allowed non-EU citizens to reside permanently in Italy for periods longer than five years. Because of this peculiarity, the document was called “unlimited residence card”. Legislative Decree 30/2007, however, enacted a total transformation of the title. Let’s review this transformation together.